The Meaning of Science: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

Science has produced motives for every thing from the mechanisms of insect navigation to the formation of black holes and the workings of black markets. yet how a lot do we belief technology, and will we really be aware of the realm via it? How does technological know-how paintings and the way does it fail? and the way can the paintings of scientists help—or hurt—everyday humans? those usually are not questions that technological know-how can solution by itself. this can be the place philosophy of technological know-how is available in. learning technology with no philosophy is, to cite Einstein, to be “like anyone who has obvious millions of bushes yet hasn't ever obvious a forest.” Cambridge thinker Tim Lewens indicates us the woodland. He walks us in the course of the theories of seminal philosophers of technology Karl Popper and Thomas Kuhn and considers what technology is, how a long way it could and will achieve, and the way we will be able to ascertain the character of its truths and myths.

those philosophical concerns have outcomes that extend a long way past the laboratory. for example: What position should still scientists have in coverage discussions on environmental matters resembling fracking? What are the biases at play within the look for a organic functionality of the feminine orgasm? If mind scans can be utilized to illustrate determination was once made a number of seconds earlier than somebody truly makes a awake selection, what does that let us know in regards to the chance of loose will?

through reading technological know-how via this philosophical lens, Lewens unearths what physics can train us approximately truth, what biology teaches us approximately human nature, and what cognitive technological know-how teaches us approximately human freedom. A masterful research of the largest medical and moral problems with our age, The which means of Science forces us to confront the sensible, own, and political reasons of science—and why it concerns to all of us.

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Going Amiss in Experimental Research (Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science)

Like any goal-oriented strategy, scan is topic to many sorts of mess ups. those mess ups have various positive factors, looking on the details in their assets. For the experimenter those pitfalls might be shunned and their results minimized. For the historian-philosopher of technology and the technology educator, however, they're instructive beginning issues for reflecting on technological know-how normally and medical technique and perform specifically. frequently extra is discovered from failure than from affirmation and profitable program. The identity of errors, its resource, its context, and its remedy make clear either practices and epistemic claims. This booklet exhibits that it truly is fruitful to carry to mild forgotten and misplaced disasters, topic them to research and research from their ethical. The learn of mess ups, blunders, pitfalls and blunders is helping us comprehend the way in which wisdom is pursued and certainly generated. The publication offers either historic debts and philosophical analyses of disasters in experimental perform. It covers issues reminiscent of "error as an item of study", "learning from error", "concepts and useless ends", "instrumental artifacts", and "surprise and puzzlement".

This ebook should be of curiosity to historians, philosophers, and sociologists of technological know-how in addition to to training scientists and technology educators.

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Naked Statistics: Stripping the Dread from the Data

“Brilliant, humorous . . . the easiest math instructor you by no means had.”―San Francisco Chronicle

as soon as thought of tedious, the sector of facts is quickly evolving right into a self-discipline Hal Varian, leader economist at Google, has really known as “sexy.” From batting averages and political polls to online game indicates and scientific learn, the real-world software of facts keeps to develop by means of leaps and boundaries. How do we trap colleges that cheat on standardized assessments? How does Netflix be aware of which videos you’ll like? what's inflicting the emerging occurrence of autism? As best-selling writer Charles Wheelan indicates us in Naked Statistics, the best info and some well-chosen statistical instruments may help us solution those questions and extra.

For those that slept via Stats one zero one, this ebook is a lifesaver. Wheelan strips away the arcane and technical information and makes a speciality of the underlying instinct that drives statistical research. He clarifies key techniques similar to inference, correlation, and regression research, unearths how biased or careless events can control or misrepresent facts, and indicates us how awesome and inventive researchers are exploiting the dear info from usual experiments to take on thorny questions.

And in Wheelan’s trademark sort, there’s now not a lifeless web page in sight. You’ll stumble upon shrewdpermanent Schlitz Beer sellers leveraging simple chance, a world Sausage competition illuminating the tenets of the imperative restrict theorem, and a head-scratching selection from the recognized online game express Let’s Make a Deal―and you’ll come away with insights at any time when. With the wit, accessibility, and sheer enjoyable that became Naked Economics right into a bestseller, Wheelan defies the percentages all over again by way of bringing one other crucial, previously unglamorous self-discipline to life.

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The Respiratory System (The Human Body: How It Works)

Respiring is vital to human survival, because it supplies us the mandatory oxygen we have to reside. but, the act of breathing is an involuntary method, whatever many of us don't believe approximately on a daily foundation. "The breathing approach" explains how we get air into our lungs, and the way bodies use that air, and the basic actual and organic rules underlying breathing functionality. moreover, this crucial name examines a number of breathing illnesses and the way they impact the physique as an entire.

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The Large Hadron Collider: The Extraordinary Story of the Higgs Boson and Other Stuff That Will Blow Your Mind

By Don Lincoln

Since 2008 scientists have performed experiments in a hyperenergized, 17-mile supercollider underneath the border of France and Switzerland. the massive Hadron Collider (or what scientists name "the LHC") is likely one of the wonders of the trendy world―a hugely subtle clinical software designed to recreate in miniature the stipulations of the universe as they existed within the microseconds following the large bang. between many striking LHC discoveries, one ended in the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics for revealing proof of the life of the Higgs boson, the so-called God particle.

Picking up the place he left off in The Quantum Frontier, physicist Don Lincoln stocks an insider’s account of the LHC’s operational heritage and offers readers every thing they should turn into good educated in this wonder of know-how.

Writing concerning the LHC’s early days, Lincoln deals prepared perception into an coincidence that derailed the operation 9 days after the collider’s 2008 debut. A defective solder joint began a sequence response that triggered an important explosion, broken 50 superconducting magnets, and vaporized huge sections of the conductor. The crippled LHC lay dormant for over a 12 months, whereas technical groups repaired the damage.

Lincoln devotes a whole bankruptcy to the Higgs boson and Higgs box, utilizing a number of prolonged analogies to assist clarify the significance of those options to particle physics. within the ultimate bankruptcy, he describes what the invention of the Higgs boson tells us approximately our present realizing of simple physics and the way the invention now retains scientists conscious over a nagging inconsistency of their favourite theory.

As available because it is interesting, the massive Hadron Collider finds the interior workings of this masterful success of expertise, besides the impressive discoveries that would maintain it on the heart of the medical frontier for the foreseeable future.

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Research Methods: A Modular Approach

Technique Sherri Jackson's learn equipment: A MODULAR combines a full of life writing variety with a unique method of supply a clean replacement for the learn tools path. themes are taken care of in really compact devices that, although logically sequenced, can be utilized in any order. The severe considering subject that threads during the ebook engages your considering by means of asking you to continually evaluation facts. short, but entire, this article will assist you grasp the cloth in an interesting means

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GED Test: Science Flash Review

By LearningExpress Editors

The GED try out has replaced and is extra complex than ever. attempt takers has to be a professional in lifestyles, actual, and Earth technology, and be acquainted with the advanced query kinds came across at the examination. GED try out technology Flash evaluation bargains finished on-the-go research. inside of are questions with specified resolution factors, very important phrases and definitions, and more—all masking the technological know-how suggestions proven at the GED. It's the main moveable, strong prep to be had.

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The Big Picture: On the Origins of Life, Meaning, and the Universe Itself

*INSTANT long island occasions BESTSELLER*
"Vivid... impressive... wonderfully informative."The New York Times
"
Suceeds spectacularly." — Science
"A journey de force." — Salon.com

Already across the world acclaimed for his stylish, lucid writing at the such a lot tough notions in smooth physics, Sean Carroll is rising as one of many maximum humanist thinkers of his new release as he brings his amazing mind to endure not just on Higgs bosons and additional dimensions yet now additionally on our private own questions.  Where are we? who're we? Are our feelings, our ideals, and our hopes and goals finally meaningless in the market within the void? Does human goal and that means healthy right into a medical worldview?

In brief chapters jam-packed with interesting old anecdotes, own asides, and rigorous exposition, readers examine the variation among how the realm works on the quantum point, the cosmic point, and the human level--and then how each one connects to the opposite.  Carroll's presentation of the rules that experience guided the medical revolution from Darwin and Einstein to the origins of lifestyles, realization, and the universe is dazzlingly special.  

Carroll exhibits how an avalanche of discoveries long ago few hundred years has replaced our international and what fairly concerns to us. Our lives are dwarfed like by no means earlier than through the immensity of house and time, yet they're redeemed by way of our ability to realize it and provides it meaning.

The sizeable photo is an exceptional clinical worldview, a journey de strength that would sit down on cabinets along the works of Stephen Hawking, Carl Sagan, Daniel Dennett, and E. O. Wilson for years yet to come.

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Science Unshackled: How Obscure, Abstract, Seemingly Useless Scientific Research Turned Out to Be the Basis for Modern Life

By C. Renée James

Why on the earth are we purchasing all this "basic" study? the reply to this question turns into transparent during this romp during the "seemingly useless" global of natural technology, the place something results in one other in ways in which lead to significant clinical advancements.

With a novelistic sort, C. Renée James unearths how imprecise reviews of average phenomena—including curved space-time, toxic cone snails, exploding black holes, and the ideal chemical make-up of the sun—led by surprise to WiFi, GPS, genetic sequencing, ache drugs, and melanoma remedies. technology Unshackled brings either technology and scientists to existence and indicates how uncomplicated interest can lead to life-changing breakthroughs.

Scientists engaged in easy examine, funded largely by means of governments world wide and through the centuries, by no means comprehend whilst exploring small questions can have huge affects. yet, by means of following the clinical approach, disciplined inquiry can result in wondrous and functional discoveries that profit we all in any case. the subsequent time somebody asks you why "the government" wastes its cash on bizarre study, remember the interesting tales James has advised and inform them the reply.

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Secret Agenda: The United States Government, Nazi Scientists and Project Paperclip, 1944-1990

By Linda Hunt

Right here, Hunt, a former CNN investigative reporter, tells a surprising story: how a department of the USA govt intentionally thwarted makes an attempt to deliver to justice Nazi scientists who have been to blame of struggle crimes, and who, in a minimum of one case, truly participated in clean atrocities within the US. whereas it's normal wisdom that the U.S. used Nazi scientists throughout the chilly battle, Hunt finds for the 1st time that the undertaking to recruit and make the most of Nazi medical expertise- -code-named Paperclip''--continued until eventually 1973. furthermore, whereas former Nazi scientists (like Werner von Braun) contributed drastically to the advance of rockets, jet planes, and different prodigies of expertise, Hunt convincingly demonstrates that a number of such scientists additionally participated inDachau-like experiments on over seven thousand U.S. soldiers'' at the results of LSD and different chemical substances at Edgewood, Maryland, among 1947 and 1966. furthermore, Hunt explains that the USA avidly recruited many Nazi scientists, regardless of their struggle crimes--including usage of slave hard work and execution of prisoners--and regardless of the ongoing devotion of many to Nazi ideology. Hunt additionally relates the sordid information of the intelligence community's makes an attempt to avoid bringing those scientists to justice. And, in no less than one case, she indicates that this system was once inimical to US interests--the guy who conceived and ran Paperclip used to be eventually convicted of marketing American safety secrets and techniques to the Soviet Union. An engrossing exam of ways a small clique of security and intelligence officers intentionally subverted acknowledged US coverage.

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